A myriad of adversaries await Batman in the realms of comic books, from malevolent and unstable to shrewd and fierce. These stand-out rogues make up some of cinema's most outstanding and remarkable villains. Below is a list of the most renowned adversaries of Batman and why they are so captivating. See some of them on our Batman T shirts page.
Examples of MoonatMidnight Joker Merchandise
The Joker stands as arguably Batman's most well-known and celebrated adversary. The Joker, created by Bob Kane and Jerry Robinson for his design and Bill Finger for his writing contribution, first appeared in the debut Batman issue of Detective Comics in April 25, 1940. He is a maniacal murderer void of any guilt and has a seemingly endless hunger for bedlam. Initially introduced as a psychopath with a warped, sadistic sense of humor, his character in response to regulation by the Comics Code Authority became a goofy prankster in the late 1950s. He returned to his darker roots during the early 1970s and has remained a supervillain ever since becoming one of the most iconic fictional villains in popular culture.
The Joker's chaotic nature and readiness to do whatever it takes to reach his ambitions make him a powerful adversary for Batman. His aptitude for replicating Batman's own ideology, that insanity is not far removed from reason, is what makes him such an extraordinary antagonist.
Many actors have played The Joker over the years in Batman adaptations.
Jared Leto / Zack Snyder's Justice League
Joaquin Phoenix / Joker
Jack Nicholson / Batman
Mark Hamill / Batman: The Animated Series
Cesar Romero / Batman
Troy Baker / Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
Kevin Michael Richardson / The Batman vs. Dracula
John DiMaggio / Batman: Under the Red Hood
Zach Galifianakis / The Lego Batman Movie
Michael Emerson / Batman: The Dark Knight Returns
Aaron Schoenke / Batman: Dying Is Easy
Michael McKean / The New Batman Adventures
Larry Storch / The New Scooby-Doo Movies
Randy Spears / Batman XXX
Roger Stoneburner / Birds of Prey
Hugo Blick / Batman
Dawson Haase / Batman Unveiled
Jeff Bennett / Batman: The Brave and the Bold
David U. Hodges / Batman Forever
Jeff Bergman / Batman: Return of the Caped Crusaders
Rod Navarro / Fight Batman Fight!
Jason Spisak / Batman: Hush
Tony Hale / Batman Ninja
Dee Bradley Baker / Son of Batman
Pierre Hatet / Batman: The Animated Series
Wataru Takagi / Batman Ninja
The Joker in Marvel DC Doomsday Clock Vol1
For more info about The Joker visit his Wikipedia page.
Harvey Dent, famously known as Two-Face, is an acquaintance of Batman who experienced a disaster that left him disfigured and pushed him towards a life of criminal activity. The character was created by Bob Kane He first appeared in Detective Comics issue #66 in August, 1942.
Harvey Dent was Gotham City's amiable and courteous district attorney and one of Batman's strongest allies. After Sal "Boss" Maroni threw acid in his face, hideously scarring him he became the supervillain known as Two Face. Harvey Dent comic book character has bipolar disorder, rage issues, and a form of schizophrenia. After his face is scarred, he develops a dissociative identity. He becomes obsessed with the number two, the concept of duality, chance, opposites and the conflict between good and evil. Dent’s former good luck charm was a "two-headed" silver dollar with one side defaced. Fans and critics see it as a reflection of Dent's half-scarred visage. The one side of his countenance is deformed and showcases his malevolent side, while the other side stays undamaged and symbolizes his kinder nature. As a master mind criminal he diabolically would flip a coin it to decide the fates of his victims.
In early Detective Comics comic books, Two-Face's facial scarring was depicted largely as a distorted version of his unharmed face. The scarred portion was green in color, with distorted lips and eyebrows, along with an enlarged eyeball. His clothing was split with one side representing his Dent persona, while the other represents his villainous alter-ego, Two-Face. This was the signature look for the character for many years until the DC Universe was rebooted in 2011.
Two-Face made his last appearance in 1954 during what is known as the Golden Age of Comics and then did not make another appearance until the 173rd issue of World's Finest Comics in 1968. In 1971 Two-Face returned in DC Batman issue #234 thanks to writer Dennis O'Neil and former DC editor Julius Schwartz. After his reintroduction, Two-Face was featured in several DC comics, becoming one of Batman's most popular enemies.
DC Universe rebooted in 2011 affected Two-Face’s character and origin story. The new version is that The new version of Harvey Dent’s origin story is that he had an unhappy childhood with a mentally ill alcoholic father who beat him regularly, often deciding whether or not to brutalize his son based on a flip of his lucky coin.
And again in I2016, when DC Comics implemented another relaunch of its books called "DC Rebirth", Harvey Dent’s origin story change again. This time back to the original from the 1940’s.
Face's trust in fate and problematic sense of fairness makes him a captivating antagonist.
The cinematic depictions of both Harvey Dent and Two-Face differ significantly from the comic book original source material. Do note that there are a number of alternate universes in DC Comics publications where writers are allowed to introduce variations of Two-Face, in which the character's origins, behavior, and morality differ from the mainstream setting.
Many actors have played or been the voice ofTwo-Face over the years in Batman adaptations.
Patrick Fabian actor / Batman: The Doom That Came to Gotham (2023 Movie)
Aaron Eckhart actor / The Dark Knight film 2008
Misha Collins actor / Gotham Knights 2023 CW series
Tommy Lee Jones actor / Batman Forever 1995 film
Billy Dee Williams (voice ) / The Lego Batman Movie 2017
Nicholas D'Agosto actor / TV series Gotham
William Shatner (voice) / Batman vs. Two-Face 2017 video
Richard Moll (voice) / DC Animated Universe, Batman: The Animated Series
Josh Duhamel actor / Batman: The Long Halloween 2021
Gary Cole ( voice) / DC Showcase: Death in the Family (2020 Short)
Troy Baker (voice) / Lego Batman: The Movie – DC Super Heroes Unite | 2016 Batman Unlimited: Mechs vs. Mutants,
Bruce Timm / Justice League vs. the Fatal Five
Neil Patrick Harris (voice) / Robot Chicken DC Comics Special
Wade Williams (voice) / Batman: The Dark Knight Returns
Christopher McDonald (voice) / Beware the Batman 2013 animated TV series
James Remar Bauza (voice) / Batman: The Brave and the Bold 2010 video game
Toshiyuki Morikawa (voice) / Batman Ninja anime film 2016
Eric Bauza (voice) / Batman Ninja 2018
Andy Daly (voice) / Harley Quinn animation Season 1
Robin Atkin Downes (voice) / Batman: Year One 2011 Film
Keith Ferguson (voice) / Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2019 animated
Harvey Dent / Two-Face, as depicted in the DC Animated Universe.
Riddler as he appeared on the cover of Batman: One Bad Day - The Riddler #1 (October 2022).
Art by Brian Bolland.
The Riddler Origin and Powers History of the Riddler in Batman
The Riddler character was created by Bill Finger and Dick Sprang. The original name Edward Nigma, was a pun itself. Think: enigma - a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand. He first appeared in the #140 Batman issue of Detective Comics in October 1948.
Edward Nigma, later called Edward Nygma or Edward Nashton) better known as The Riddler, is a highly intelligent individual with an affinity for constructing perplexing enigmas and quizzes. He is depicted as a criminal mastermind in Gotham City, routinely providing mental challenges for Batman to unravel and deliberately goading him with his immense cunning. The Riddler's inclination for spectacle and his urge to demonstrate his intellectual superiority make him a captivating adversary for Batman.
The Riddler Batman Forever 1995 Jim Carey
Many actors have played The Riddler over the years in Batman adaptations.
Paul Dano actor / The Batman 2022 film
Jim Carrey actor / Batman Forever 1995
Cory Michael Smith actor / 2014 Fox series Gotham
Frank Gorshin & John Astin actors / Batman 1960s television series
Matthew Gray Gubler (voice) / Batman: Assault on Arkham (2014 Movie)
Evan Stone / Batman XXX
Maurice LaMarche (voice) / View-Master Batman Animated VR (2016 Video Game)
Wally Wingert (voice) / Batman: Return of the Caped Crusaders (2016 Movie) & Arkham VR (2016 Video Game)
John Glover (voice) / Batman: The Animated Series | The New Batman Adventures (1997 TV Show) | Superman: The Animated Series (1996 TV Show)
Conan O'Brien (voice) / Lego Batman (2017 Short) & The LEGO Batman Movie (2017 Movie)
Bruce Timm (voice) / Batman: Under the Red Hood (2010 Movie)
Jim Rash (voice) / Harley Quinn (2019 TV Show)
Rob Paulsen (voice) / Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes (2012 Video Game) Paul Reubens / Robot Chicken DC Comics Special
John Michael Higgins Paulsen (voice) / Scooby-Doo! and Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2018 & Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2008 TV Show)
Michael Bell (voice) / Super Friends: The Lost Episodes (1983 TV Show) | The Super Friends Hour (1980 TV Show) | Challenge of the Super Friends (1978 TV Show)
André Sogliuzzo (voice) / LEGO DC Batman Family Matters (2019 Movie)
An interesting note: DC Comics publications has allowed writers to introduce variations on the Riddler in a number of alternate universes that are not part of the official DC continuity. The variations in the character's origins, behavior, and morality differ from the mainstream Batman setting.
DC New Earth
Selina Kyle, better known as Catwoman, is an ambiguous character that teams up with Batman now and then. Created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane she made her first appearance as "the Cat" in the debut in the Spring of 1940 of Detective Comics’ issue #1 of Batman. Her character was an appeal to the comic’s female audience.
The alter ego of Selina Kyle, a young woman in Gotham, is Catwoman, a mysterious burglar and jewel thief. Her iconic tight, one-piece black outfit is easily recognizable. Her weapon of choice: a bullwhip. She is adept in gymnastics and combat, leaving her true intentions and reasoning obscure. The character thrived in her earliest appearances, but because of the Comics Code Authority rules regarding the development and portrayal of female characters, she was phrased out from the series between September 1954 to November 1966. Fortunately for us and Catwoman, the Comics Code is no longer in use.
Although she was originally characterized as femme fatale who both antagonizes and attracts Batman, her character has changed over the years. In 1987 when writer Frank Miller and artist David Mazzucchelli published Batman: Year One, a revision of Batman's origin, a different background story was developed for Catwoman. And in June 2016, when DC Comics relaunched its entire line of superhero comic book titles, they once again made partial revisions to their characters' fictional histories.
However, since the 1990s Catwoman has been portrayed more as an antiheroine and generally depicted as an international thief with an ambiguous moral code.
Catwoman’s fascination with Batman and her blurred morality make her a complicated and captivating character.
Some of the best known actresses who have played Catwoman adaptations.
Zoë Kravitz / Matt Reeves' The Batman movie 2022
Anne Hathaway / Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Rises 2012
Michelle Pfeiffer / Tim Burton’s Batman Returns 1992
Julie Newmar / Batman 1966- 1967 TV series
Halle Berry / Catwoman stand alone film 2004
Eartha Kitt / Batman TV series final season She was the first Black actress to portray the character.
Camren Bicondova / Fox's Gotham series 2014 – played the younger version of Selina Kyle
Lee Meriwether / Batman Movie in 1966
Tress MacNeille / Batman: The Dark Knight Returns
Jennifer Carpenter: played a 19th-century version of Kyle on the animated series Batman: Gotham by Gaslight.
Jennifer Morrison / voices the character in the 2004 "Catwoman" video game
& voiced Catwoman in the 2019 animated film "Batman: Hush."
Eliza Dushku / voiced Catwoman in the 2011 movie "Batman: Year One," and the 2011 short film "DC Showcase: Catwoman."
Ai Kakuma / voice in anime film: Batman Ninja
Julia Rose / Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt
Kelly Weston / Batman Revealed
Nika Futterman / voiced the character on the 2008 Cartoon Network show "Batman: The Brave and the Bold."
For more info about actresses who have played Catwoman or been her voice in animated series, go to this Insider site.
For more info about Selina Kyle, Catwoman visit this Wikipedia page
Or go to this fandom site for Catwoman
Oswald Cobblepot, commonly referred to as The Penguin, is an astute lawbreaker skilled in deploying paraphernalia related to umbrellas. Created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane Oswald Cobblepot made his first appearance in 1941 as The Penguin in the Detective Comics’ issue #58 of Batman. However, Readers didn’t learn that Penguin’s real name was Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot until 1946 in a Sunday newspaper Batman strip. And it wasn’t until1981, before his origin was explored in DC’s The Best of DC issue #10. Here it is revealed why Oswald always carries an umbrella. Oswald’s father had died of pneumonia, and ever since then Mrs. Cobblepot insisted that dear Oswald, her only son, about never leave the house without one!
He is a prosperous entrepreneur / mobster in Gotham City who uses his vast resources and power to enhance his unlawful activities. He is most often seen wearing a monocle, top hat, and morning suit while carrying his signature umbrella. His family owned a bird shop, thus his love for birds. And his icon nickname was the result of a childhood bully who first ridiculed Oswald with the name “Penguin”. In the early story lines involving The Penguin, he mostly committed bird-related crimes using his ubiquitous umbrella along with bird-related gimmicks. But he slowly evolved into the a master criminal/ mobster who aspires to be wealthy, powerful and respected/feared by the high society he aspires to. The Penguin's high-class attitude combined with his propensity to use violence suggests he is a daunting adversary for Batman, although he is normally depicted as being more rational and sane than some of the other Batman villains.
The Penguin character has been around for over 80 years, however Colin Farrell is only the fourth actor to portray him in live action. The first person to bring Penguin to life on screen was Burgess Meredith in the 1966 Batman television series and the spin-off movie. In the 1992 film Batman Returns Danny DeVito played a minacious version of Oswald Cobblepot.
Colin Farrell / The Batman 2022 & also the HBO Max limited series The Penquin
Danny DeVito / 1992 film Batman Returns directed by Tim Burton
Burgess Meredith / 1966 Batman
Robin Lord Taylor / Gotham.
Bane, a meta human, was created by writer Chuck Dixon and artist Graham Nolan. In January 1993 he made his debut in Batman: Vengeance of Bane, issue #1.
In September 2011, in a new rebooted DC's DC Rebirth continuity timeline, Bane is re-introduced by Paul Jenkins, and David Finch's run in Batman: The Dark Knight
Since he was a later creation than many of the Batman villains, Bane has only one primary origin story. Bane was a test subject for a new drug called Venom that unexpectedly bestowed him with incredible strength. Eventually, Bane became addicted to the drug and needed it every 12 hours to survive.
Bane's addiction to this drug continues to be his greatest weakness, and as a result, his life is structured around his dependency on it.
Bane is a very clever and strong villain notorious for crippling Batman by defeating him both physically and mentally. In the comics, Bane is often credited as the only villain to have broken Batman. He possesses a genius-level intellect and is one of Batman's most intelligent foes.
Since he has an extraordinary memory, which borders on almost total recall, it enables him to memorize virtually anything. He is able to speak fluently in Spanish, German, French, Russian, Mandarin, English, Urdu, Farsi, and Latin.
He is an exceptional fighter and tactician, and his consumption of Venom amplifies his brawn and fortitude. And finally, only Batman, Nightwing, and Mister Miracle surpass him in the art of escape and infiltration.
Bane's resoluteness and mercilessness render him a perilous foe for Batman.
The Dark Knight Rises: I Am Bane Paperback – June 30, 2012
by Lucy Rosen (Adapter), Scott Cohn (Illustrator)
Live action appearances by actors playing Bane include:
Robert Swenson / 1997 Joel Schumacher’s Batman & Robin.
Tom Hardy / 2012 The Dark Knight Rises.
Shane West / Fox Gotham TV Series 2019
+ 10 other actors who were his voice.
Tom Hardy as Bane in the film The Dark Knight Rises
The Dark Knight
Cover Date: November 28, 2012
Scarecrow is another villain created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane for Detective Comics. September 194 is when the character first appeared in issue #3 of World's Finest Comics, the American comic book series published by DC Comics from 1941 to 1986.
Scarecrow on the cover of Batman: The Dark Knight (vol. 2) #12 (October 2012). Art by David Finch, Richard Friend, and Sonia Oback
Dr. Jonathan Crane, otherwise known as the Scarecrow, is a mental health professional who employs terror as his weapon of choice. He is capable of generating fear-inducing chemicals that bring on visions in his targets, usually disconcerting them with their worst nightmares. The Scarecrow's aptitude to influence the psyches of his victims and his obsession with terror renders him a captivating and horrific enemy. An outfit with a stitched mask and burlap hat serves as a visual motif of his iconic name, Scarecrow. Scarecrow's visual outfit and his alter ego’s name Jonathan Crane were inspired Washington Irving's main character, Ichabod Crane, in his story: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. After a lengthy hiatus, The Scarecrow was revived in 1967 the pages of Batman #189.
Like many of these early villains his origin story is altered in 2011 with the DC universe’s New 52 reboot. Scarecrow becomes a central villain in the Batman family of books. In February 2012 he first appears in in the New 52 Batman: The Dark Knight issue #4 written by David Finch and Paul Jenkins.
Arkham Knight video game series:
Movies / Video Series / Animated Series / TV Series / Comics Series in which the Scarecrow appears as a recurring antagonist include:
Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight trilogy. He is portrayed in all three by Cillian Murphy
The Dark Knight
The Dark Knight Rises.
VIDEO: Batman Movie Villains: The Scarecrow (Cillian Murphy)
Arkham video game series:
Batman: Arkham Asylum
Batman: Arkham City
Batman: Arkham Knight.
Scarecrow Batman: Arkham Comics Series
Batman: Arkham Comics Series
The Scarecrow, one of the Dark Knight's greatest foes, stars in this best-of collection that includes tales from DETECTIVE COMICS #73, 389, 486 and 540, BATMAN #189, 296, 373, 523 and 524, DETECTIVE COMICS #23.3, BATMAN ANNUAL #19, JOKER'S ASYLUM: SCARECROW #1 and WORLD'S FINEST COMICS #3!
Gotham TV Series: played by Charlie Tahan ( for a few episodes) & David W. Thompson
Batman: The Brave and the Bold - Animated series
For more info about the Scarecrow go to:
Ra's al Ghul
Ra's al Ghul is a criminal mastermind and the leader head of the League of Assassins, a morally ambiguous organization that is dedicated to keeping order and justice in what they view as a decadent and corrupt world. Terrified that future generations will never get to experience the wonders that he has seen over the course of his very long life, Ra's al Ghul is emphathetic for the world around him. Therefore in most stories, Ra's al Ghul has two goal: save the Earth from possible ecological devastation by disposing of those who disturb it by destroying most of the planet's population and convince Batman to join him or kill Batman if he refuses.
Ra's al Ghul was created by Dennis O'Neil, Neal Adams and Julius Schwartz. The character was introduced in DC Comics Batman issue #232, published in June 1971. During the 1980s his appearances in various story lines diminished although he returns occasionally to battle the Dark Knight and other superheroes, including the Justice League, the Outsiders and Superman. Interestingly Ra's al Ghul is one of the few criminals in Batman's circle of arch enemies to have deduced his secret identity as Bruce Wayne. Ra's al Ghul's shrewdness, affluence, and abundant assets make him a tough challenger for Batman.
Films that the character Ra's al Ghul has appeared in are:
2005 Batman Begins as the main antagonist
The Dark Knight Rises, as a ghost
Actors who have portrayed Ra's al Ghul include:
David Warner / DC Animated Universe
Liam Neeson / The Dark Knight Trilogy
Jason Isaacs in Batman: Under the Red Hood
Dee Bradley Baker in the Batman: Arkham video game series
Matt Nable in the Arrowverse television series
Alexander Siddig in Gotham.
The Mad Hatter
Jervis Tetch, more commonly known as the Mad Hatter, is an ingenious inventor/insane neuroscientist who has developed tech that allows him to manipulate victims by controlling their brain and inducing hypnotic states. He is fixated on the Alice in Wonderland narrative and includes references to it in almost all of his criminal activities. It was in the 1983 issue #526 of Detective Comics’ Batman that Jervis Tetch was first portrayed with the mind-controlling devices of hats or other headgear for which the Mad Hatter is now best known. He is often described as obsessive-compulsive, highly delusional, suffering from psychotic manic depression, and can even sometimes be homicidal.
The Mad Hatter's deranged fixation and power to manipulate the thoughts of other people render him an iconic antagonist. The Mad Hatter first appeared in Batman, issue#49. His character was created by Bill Finger (writer), Lew Sayre Schwartz (artist), and Bob Kane (concept).
Mad Hatter on the cover of Gotham Central #20 (August 2004)
Art by Michael Lark
Actors who have portrayed or been the voice of the Mad Hatter in feature films, television series, and video games include:
David Wayne / 4 episodes of the 1960’s series Batman
Benedict Samuel / third season of Gotham, TV series
Amitai Marmorstein / Arrowverse series 3rd season of Batwoman
Roddy McDowall (voice) / Batman: The Animated Series | The New Batman Adventures | Superman: The Animated Series episode "Knight Time".
Peter MacNicol (voice) / Batman: Arkham video game series
Chris Edgerly (Voice) & Keith Ferguson (Voice) / LEGO Batman: The Videogame | LEGO Batman 2: DC Super Heroes | LEGO DC Super-Villains
Peter MacNicol (Voice) / Batman: Arkham City | Batman: Arkham Origins | Season of Infamy DLC for Batman: Arkham Knight.
Dr. Pamela Isley, also known as Poison Ivy, is an expert in botany who uses her knowledge of plants to control and influence people. She possesses a poisonous touch, thus her name Poison Ivy, enhanced physical abilities, and a supernatural control over plant life. Poison Ivy is the main antagonist of Batman & Robin. She is an exceptionally seductive and nefarious villainess whose kiss is fatally poisonous due to her venom-filled lips. Her character created by Robert Kanigher and Carmine Infantino was first introduced in June 1966 in American comic books published by DC Comics, Batman issue #181. Her strong bond to the natural world and her mission to guard it make Ivy a fascinating adversary in Batman's list of mischief-makers.
BATMAN #181 First appearance of -1966-DC comic book
Actresses who have played or were the voice of Poison Ivy include:
Batman & Robin / 1997 Uma Thurman
Gotham the TV drama / plyed by Clare Foley, Maggie Geha, and Peyton List
Arrowverse series Batwoman./ Bridget Regan third season
DC Animated Universe / voice by Diane Pershing
The Batman animated series / voice by Piera Coppola
Batman: Arkham video game franchise / Tasia Valenza
The Lego Batman Movie / Riki Lindhome
Harley Quinn / adult animated series voiced by Lake Bell
Batman and Harley Quinn / Paget Brewster
Justice League vs. The Fatal Five / Tara Strong
Batman: Hush / Peyton List
Gotham By Gaslight / Kari Wuhrer
Batman Ninja / Atsuko Tanaka &Tara Strong
Timm-verse (1992-2004) / voiced by Diane Pershing
Batman: The Long Halloween (2021) - Katee Sackhoff as Poison Ivy - IMDb.
Fox's Gotham live-action TV series 2014-2019 Claire Foley and then Maggie Geha
Young Justice animated series voiced by Alyssa Milano
Batman: The Brave and the Bold animated series
Scooby-Doo! & Batman: The Brave and the Bold / voiced by Jennifer Hale, Vanessa Marshall, and Tara Strong.
Victor Fries, otherwise known as Mr. Freeze, originally was written as a standard villain who used cold themed gimmicks. His character Freeze would be later reinterpreted into a former cryogenics scientist who became a supervillain after being involved in an accident that mutated him. As a result of the accident he was unable to survive in warm environments without the use of a cryogenic suit. The outfit also enables him to brave conditions below zero. His suit includes a freeze ray that can form ice sculptures and immobilize his adversaries. Although Mr. Freeze’s origin story has remained the same, Mr Freeze's New 52 origin casts the sympathetic villain in a different light. This 2nd origin story was slightly altered during DC Rebirth.
Unlike many Batman villains, Mr. Freeze is typically portrayed as a sympathetic anti-villainous character whose actions are driven by his love for his wife who is kept in cryostasis. He is typically seen as a dangerous enemy of Batman.
Mr Freeze first appeared in February 1959 in DC Comics’ Batman issue #. His character was created by Bob Kane, David Wood and Sheldon Moldoff as a gimmick character called, Mr Zero. In the 1960s Batman television series Mr Zero was renamed and popularized as Mr. Freeze.
Actors who have portrayed or been the voice of the Mr. Freeze in feature films, television series, and video games include:
George Sanders, Otto Preminger, Eli Wallach / 1960’s Batman television series
Nathan Darrow / Fox crime series Gotham 11th episode of 2nd season
Jim Povolo / Holy Musical Batman
Victor Fries i(voice) / Lego Batman: The Videogame.
Arnold Schwarzenegger / 1997 film Batman & Robin;
Dr. Harleen Quinzel, alternatively known as Harley Quinn, a pun for Harlequin from the 16th-century theater commedia dell'arte., was once a psychologist who developed an admiration for the Joker and joined him as his dutiful ally. Her skillfulness in battle, combined with her physical agility, is often taken advantage of to commit nefarious deeds. She is mostly depicted as the Joker's sidekick and right-hand woman. Harley Quinn's fixation on the Joker and her ultimate emancipation from him make her a complex and fascinating character.
Harley Quinn with The Joker
Harley Quinn’s character was created by Paul Dini (writer) and Bruce Timm (artist). Initially intended to appear in only one episode of the Batman: The Animated Series "Joker's Favor" (TV), the character first appeared on October 1992. However, Harley Quinn became a recurring character within the DC Animated Universe as the Joker's sidekick and love interest. In 1999 her character was adapted into DC Comics' Batman comic book and debuted with the one-shot Batman: Harley Quinn issue #1 (October 1999).
In 2011, DC's line-wide reboot The New 52 reintroduced Quinn in the relaunched Suicide Squad title, with a change in the character's personality, design, and origin. Her original jester costume became a revealing outfit and her character became much darker than her earlier counterpart.
The Harley Quinn character continues to appear in the Batman: The Animated Series and its successors, including The New Batman Adventures, the Superman: The Animated Series crossover "World's Finest", and Justice League.
Actresses who have portrayed or been the voice of the Harley Quinn in feature films, television series, and video games include:
Harley Quinn (DC Comics)
Tara Strong (voice) / Harlequin (Justice League: Gods and Monsters) / DC Animated Film Universe / DC Super Hero Girls 2019 Series
Arleen Sorkin, )voice) / Arkham Asylum / Batman: The Animated Series
Margot Robbie / 2020 film Birds of Prey / DC Animated Universe / DC Extended Universe / Suicide Squad (2016) / sequel- The Suicide Squad (2021).
Hynden Walch (voice) /The Batman
Kaley Cuoco (voice) / Harley Quinn TV Series)
Laura Post / Telltale
Jenny Slate (voice) / (The Lego Batman Movie)
The Court of Owls
The Court of Owls is a clandestine club that has controlled Gotham City since its inception. This organized crime group and secret society’s hidden activities have been integral to the city's mysteries for years. The Court of Owls was just an urban legend until Batman discovers one of their secret bases of operations. It was composed of some of Gotham City’s oldest and wealthiest families. They controlled Gotham City for centuries, using murder and money to wield political influence. The Court of Owls possess a strong dominion guided by its enigmatic constituents which makes them an impressive and captivating enemy to Batman.
The Court of Owls was created by Scott Snyder and Greg Capullo. In 2011 at the beginning of the New 52 era Tthe Court of Owls made its first appearance in Batman (vol. 2) #2.
In 2015 the Court of Owls made their animated on-screen debut in Batman vs. Robin as part of the DC Animated Movie Universe. Later in 2015 they made their live-action debut in Fox Gotham TV series. They also appear as the main antagonists in the 2023 television series Gotham Knights where a new generation of heroes teams up.
For more info about the Court of Owls go to:
Batman The Court of Owls Comics Reading Order
Wikipedia: Court of Owls
Batman: The Court of Owls Saga (DC Essential Edition) Paperback – September 11, 2018 Paperback is on Amazon
The Black Mask
NOT FINAL Cover of Batman #636 (January 2005)
Art by Matt Wagner
Roman Sionis, otherwise known as the Black Mask, is an exceptionally cruel and callous criminal powerhouse that wears a mask crafted out of his deceased dad's charred cranium. He has a fixation with masks and derives sadistic pleasure from acts of torture. Additionally, he is an experienced combatant and strategist who possesses a far-reaching illegal empire at his fingertips. The Black Mask's aggression and his warped intents make him an alarming and unforgettable villain.
The Black Mask was created by Doug Moench and Tom Mandrake. The character was introduced in August 1985 in the DC Comic Batman issue #386.
Black Mask 50 DC Comic Cover
The character has been from the comics into various forms of media. Actors who have portrayed or been the voice of the Black Mask in feature films, television series, and video games include:
James Remar (voice) & Masanori Takeda (Japanese voice) / animated series The Batman
Wade Williams / animated film Batman: Under the Red Hood
Brian Keith Bloom (voice) / Batman: Arkham video game series & Red Hood Story Pack of Batman: Arkham Knight
Todd Stashwick / 2014 TV series Gotham
Ewan McGregor / 2020 DC Extended Universe (DCEU) film Birds of Prey
Peter Outerbridge / Arrowverse series Batwoman
For more info about the Black Mask go to:
Wikipedia: Black Mask (character)
Arnold Wesker with his dummy, Scarface
Art by Norm Breyfogle
Arnold Wesker, referred to as the Ventriloquist, is a nefarious master criminal who employs his puppet, Scarface, to frighten and manipulate his enemies. His exceptional proficiency in shooting adds to his menace. The Ventriloquist's dissociative identity disorder and his reliance on his dummy make him an exceptional and unforgettable bad guy.
There are currently three incarnations of the Ventriloquist- one a man, the other two, women. The February 1988 original incarnation of the Ventriloquist is Arnold Wesker who first appeared in Detective Comics issue #583. Wesker lets the Scarface personality of his dummy to do all the dirty work, including robbery and murder. The dummy totally dominates Arnold Wesker by barking orders at him and degrading him with verbal and physical abuse. The character was created by John Wagner, Alan Grant, and Norm Breyfogle.
The second Ventriloquist (Peyton Riley).
Interior art of Detective Comics #827 (March 2007)
Art by Don Kramer (pencil), and Wayne Faucher (ink) and John Kalisz (color)
The second Ventriloquist, a female whose alter ego name is Peyton Riley, was introduced in March 2007 in the Detective Comics issue #827. This Ventriloquist character was created by Paul Dini and Don Kramer. Called Sugar. She is a more compatible partner than Wesker was with Scarface, the dummy who has the persona of and dressed as the 1920s gangster, Al Capone, complete with pinstripe suit, cigar, and Tommy gun.
The 3rd Ventriloquist chracter: Shauna Belzer & Ferdie, the Dummy
The third Ventriloquist appears in September 2011 with the New 52 reboot of DC's entire monthly line of books including new timelines and origin stories for many character. This final interation of the character is introduced as Shauna Belzer who learned she could move things with her mind. Along with this new Ventriloquist, a new dummy, Ferdie, is also introduced. Shauna Belzer sees him at a birthday party and kills the clown who was using him. Created by Gail Simone and Fernando Pasarin this Ventriloquist, Shauna Belzer, first appears in the July 2013 Batgirl comic, issue #20.
The first Ventriloquist has no superhuman powers, but possesses some basic hand-to-hand combat skills. Unlike Arnold Wesker , the second Ventriloquist's personality does not contradict the dummy, Scarface personality. Sugar is much more willing to commit cruel acts, especially since she believes that she and the dummy are in a romantic relationship.
To sum up, Batman's opponents are an assorted variety of malefactors who stick in the memory and are well-recognized. Examples include the insane Joker as well as the melancholic Mr. Freeze. Each adversary the Dark Knight encounters has their own special quirks, giving Batman's narrative a transformative power that still rivets audiences today.
The Ventriloquist character has been adapted from the comics into various forms of media.
Actors/ actresses who have portrayed or been the voice of the Ventriloquist in feature films, television series, and video games include:
Dan Castellaneta (voice) / The Batman animation
Andrew Sellon (a real ventriloquist) / Character was a mild-mannered accountant, Arthur Penn.
Fox TV series Gotham - series ran from September 22, 2014, to April 25, 2019
Uncredited stunt double / Titans, Arnold Wesker as the Ventriloquist/ Scarface made a cameo appearance
George Dzundza (voice) & Mitsuru Ogata (Japnese voice) / DC Animated Universe (DCAU) Batman: The Animated Series.
George Dzundza (voice) / The New Batman Adventures episode "Double Talk".
George Dzundza (voice) / Justice League two-part episode "A Better World"
For more info about the Ventriloquist go to:
Wikipedia: Ventriloquist (character)